Topographic Anatomy
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Thematic head: Dr. Kirsteen Awori 
Gross Anatomy can be approached either topographically or systemically. Topographic anatomy
being the study of gross anatomy region by region, viz: Head and Neck, Trunk, Appendages;
while Systemic anatomy being the study of gross of anatomy system by syste m, viz: Skeletal
System , Circulatory System, Neuro - endocrine System, Urogenital System, Respiratory System,
Digestive System, Integumentary System.  Both approaches are employed in the teaching of
gross anatomy in the human anatomy department. This being done through: Introductory
lecturers, Dissection sessions, Demonstrations and Human Anatomy reviews.
Introductory lecturers being carried out by lecturers, followed by dissection sessions using human
cadavers by the students hemselves. Although under the guidance of dissection manuals and
demonstrators. Human Anatomy reviews are carried out weekly. The learning approach is mainly
regional: Upper and Lower limbs, Neuroanatomy, Head and Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis and
perineum. Consistent student examination is carried in form of PATs and CATs to ensure 
comprehension. Progressive Assessment Tests (PATs) are given weekly while Continuous
Assessment Test (CATs) are given mainly once the class is done with a given anatomical region.
The final examination at the end of the year examines the student's gross anatomy understanding
throughout the whole year.
Introduction:History , legislation and regulation of study of human anatomy.
Dermatomes and angiosomes, fascial compartments, muscle attachments, actions and 
neurovascular pedicles. Bone geometry, architecture, muscle attachments and blood flow patterns.
Joint structure , classification, stability, neurovascular supply, movements and disorders.
Nerve plexus formation, branching and distribution. Artery course, landmarks and
anastomoses. Boundaries, contents and applied anatomy of intermuscular spaces.
Head: Skull bones, sutures and fontanelles. Growth and aging changes of the skull bones.
Foramina and their contents. Muscle attachments and neurovascular relations. Weak points.
Adaptive features of skull bones. Organs of special sensation. Cranial nerves exit/entry,
relations, course and distribution. Neurovascular anatomy and muscles of scalp and face.
Neck: Skin, fascia, triangles, vessels, nerves muscles and viscera.
Oral biology:
Thorax: Adaptive features of components of the wall. Neurovascular structures. Landmarks,
parts and neurovascular supply of the pleura. Thoracic inlet and outlet. Anatomical features
of individual
Abdomen: Components and neurovascular supply of the wall
. Peritoneum and related spaces. Topography of individual organs. Blood vessels, lymphatics and nerves.
Pelvis and perineum: Components, neurovascular supply of wall. Pelvic peritoneum.
Topographic features of organs, spaces and landmarks. Blood vessels, lymphatics and nerves



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