HHA 302: NEUROANATOMY
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Head: Prof. Adel Malek 
 
Staff 
1. Prof. Julius Ogeng’o 
2. Dr. Pamela Mandela 
3. Dr. Phillip Mwachaka 
 
COURSE DESCRIPTION 
Neuroanatomy is the science and biology of the nervous tissue, organs and structures. It 
encompasses the microscopic organization, gross structures and connections of the peripheral, autonomic and central nervous system. 
COURSE CONTENT 
Cranial cavity: Compartments and contents. 
Meninges: Layers, sublayers and neurovascular supply. Extensions. 
Cerebrum: Lobes, gyri and sulci. Connecting fibres. Functional areas. Blood supply and blood 
brain barrier. 
Basal ganglia: Components, connections, functions and disorders. 
Connecting fibres: Evolution and significance of commissural, association and projection fibres. 
Parts and composition of corona radiata and internal capsule. 
Ventricular system: Topography of ventricles and cisterns. Cerebrospinal fluid. Communication 
and reabsorption. 
Diencephalon: Evolution, topography, connections and functions of the thalamus, epithalamus, hypothalamus, subthalamus and metathalamus. 
Brain stem: Evolution, topography, nuclei and tracts of the mid brain, pons and medulla. Vascular 
syndromes and brain death. 
Cerebellum: Evolution, topography, nuclei, connections, functions and disorders. 
Tractology: Evolution, functional organization, localization, connections of ascending and 
descending tracts of the spinal cord. 
Reticular formation: Components, connections and functions. 
Spinal cord: Evolution, topography, protection, blood supply, tracts, enlargements and extents. Peripheral nervous system: Origins, course, relations, distribution and disorders of cranial and spinal nerves. 
Autonomic nervous system: Components, topographic and functional organization. Regulation and disorders. 

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