HHA 305: PRIMATE BIOLOGY, ADAPTABILITY AND EVOLUTION.
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Thematic Head: Prof. Julius Ogeng’o 
Staff 
1. Dr. Beda Olabu 
2. Dr. Kevin Ongeti 
3. Dr. Anne Pulei 
4. Dr. Phillip Mwachaka 
COURSE CONTENT 
Introduction: Definition of primates and their place in mammalian taxonomy. Importance of 
primate biology in human anatomy. 
Life and environment of primates: Primate taxonomy. Primate ecology and population 
dynamics. Primate and zoonoses. 
Primate behaviour and adaptability: Adaptations for posture, position, feeding and mating 
behaviour. Social organization. Aboreality and brachiation. Prehensile hands, feet and tail. 
Comparative and functional anatomy. 
Primate research: Use of primates in research for human diseases. Primates in captivity. Genetics 
of primates. 
Human evolution: Fossil evidence. Features of hominids and hominoids. Evolution of bipedalism 
and bipedal striding. Tool use and language. 
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